Fascinating Facts About Pakistan

Pakistan is an enthralling country with a distinct culture, stunning landscapes, and astounding talents. Its captivating people and intriguing history make Pakistan an exciting destination to visit.

Pakistan is an enchanting country that boasts a vibrant culture, stunning landscapes, and remarkable talents. In this article, we'll take a closer look at some intriguing Facts about Pakistan that you should know before visiting the country.

Since human civilization began, numerous cultures have shaped this region. Islam was especially influential, inspiring its people and creating their cultural heritage.

The Indus Valley Civilization, one of the oldest and largest civilizations in history, began its journey into Baluchistan province during the 7th century. Here Muslims were welcomed with open arms for the first time.

Pakistan boasts a population of over 220 million citizens, making it the fifth most populous nation worldwide. Pakistanis are renowned for their generosity and philanthropy. For instance, the Edhi Foundation runs the world's largest voluntary ambulance service.

Pakistan is an amazing country that boasts stunning landscapes, vibrant culture, and breathtaking destinations. Pakistan boasts some incredible facts that make it one of the most captivating nations on Earth. Today we'll take a look at some fun and fascinating facts about this remarkable nation! Here are a few:


Pakistan was formed on August 14, 1947, after British India was divided into two nations. This division caused the largest demographic movement in recorded history as people moved from India to Pakistan's west wing (now Bangladesh), and then back again from there back to India.

Pakistan has a complex and ancient history that dates back thousands of years. From the Indus Valley civilization to Vedic Civilization, various kingdoms and empires have ruled this region over this space of time. Nowadays, Pakistan boasts an eclectic and multifaceted cultural landscape.

Islam has had a major influence on Pakistan's culture and society. As the majority faith, it is practiced by most of the population. Religious texts form an integral part of Pakistani literature and culture.

Pakistan boasts a vibrant cultural heritage, including classical and regional music and dance. Additionally, its vibrant theatre scene produces numerous plays, operas, and musicals annually.

Urdu poetry has long been a beloved form of writing in Pakistan, traditionally composed of lyric and religious themes. However, during the 19th century, it began to shift towards fiction works as well as those dealing with social and political concerns. Prose fiction has also gained increasing acceptance.

Literature in Pakistan encompasses a vast and varied collection of religious, mystical, and folkloric works written in Urdu as well as regional languages. Muhammad Iqbal, the national poet of Pakistan, is widely regarded as an influential voice for Muslim revivalism in South Asia; his works remain widely read today.

Since its independence from Britain in 1947, the economy of Bangladesh has seen phenomenal growth. Major industries include telecommunications, agriculture, automobiles, textiles, cement, fertilizer, and steel.

In the early years of Pakistan's independence, it received substantial assistance from the United States. This enabled Pakistan to launch important and groundbreaking projects that laid the foundations for modern Pakistani development.

In particular, the country established the Institute for Business Administration and Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre. Furthermore, numerous large-scale agricultural and industrial projects were initiated.


Pakistan regards religion as an integral component of society. All citizens are required to profess faith on their national identity cards and passports, plus pay an annual 2.5 percent zakat (Islamic tax) towards government-run charities.

The constitution guarantees freedom to practice and propagate religion as long as it complies with laws, public order, and morality. Furthermore, religious minorities have the opportunity to hold government positions; seats for non-Muslims in both national and provincial assemblies are reserved. Several political parties represent minority constituencies by electing their members to these institutions.

Despite government policy, minority communities across the country continued to suffer discrimination and societal harassment. Ahmadis reported numerous cases of physical violence as well as threats against their homes and property. Anti-Ahmadi groups also used extensive online social media campaigns to urge non-Muslims to deny Ahmadis the right to sacrifice animals during Eid al-Adha - Islam's major holiday.

Blasphemy prosecutions remained commonplace, and police failed to protect members of religious minorities or those accused of blasphemy in several reported incidents. Furthermore, in March a prominent Sufi cleric and his followers threatened the life of Sindhi fiction writer Amar Jaleel after he posted a video online featuring an excerpt from one of his short stories during a literature festival that contained offensive language.

According to the NGO Center for Social Justice, there were 84 charges of blasphemy against religious minorities in 2021 - down from the 199 individuals charged in 2020.

At least 16 individuals charged with blasphemy received death sentences during the year; however, none were executed. According to NGOs, these alleged perpetrators mainly belonged to Sunni and Shia Muslims as well as Ahmadis.

Many NGOs and minority representatives complained that the government failed to investigate or take action against those responsible for blasphemy crimes. Furthermore, courts continued to enforce blasphemy laws, including those carrying the death penalty - although no one has ever been executed under these auspices.

Over the course of this year, multiple Khatm-e-Nabawat (Finality of Prophethood) conferences were held in various cities. Government officials, politicians, Muslim missionary groups, and others stood to defend Prophet Mohammed as the final prophet. Both secular and Ahmadi critics condemned these gatherings as venues for hate speech against Ahmadis.


Pakistan boasts a variety of languages. Popular ones include Urdu, Pashto, and Punjabi; other important dialects include Burushaski, Shina, Sindhi, Balochi, and Brahui.

Urdu is the official language of Pakistan and is widely spoken throughout the country. It serves as the primary medium of instruction in schools, with over 70 million speakers mostly concentrated in Punjab province.

It has been around for centuries and belongs to the Indo-Aryan language family, having been heavily influenced by Indian dialects such as Marathi and Panjabi.

In Pakistan, approximately 8% of the population speaks Urdu as their mother tongue. The remainder speaks other languages such as Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, and Hindi.

Ethnologue, a website about languages, reports that Pakistan has 74 official local languages. Punjabi (48%) is the most common one followed by Sindhi (12%), Seraiki and English (10%), Pashto or Pakhtu (8%) Balochi (3%) Hindko (2%), and Brahui(1%), according to data from 2006.

Language is an integral cultural element of a nation, so it's essential to preserve and promote their languages.

Unfortunately, Pakistan's government has neglected to adequately recognize and promote the languages of its people, creating neither a profile of them nor creating teaching materials or a national database.

Many languages in the country are in danger of disappearing and should be revived through modern means. According to Christopher Moseley's Routledge's Encyclopedia of World's Endangered Languages (2008), some are listed as either ‘moribund' or 'extinct'.

One such language is Hindko, spoken by ethnic Hindkowan people living in Pakistan's northern regions. Classified as part of the Indo-Aryan family, this ancient tongue was brought to Pakistan by invading Afghans during their conquest of Afghanistan.

Pakistanis living in Sindh province speak this language as their first language. It is thought to have descended from Sanskrit with Arabic influences and also has elements of Sami languages.


Pakistan is a vibrant nation, home to numerous cultures and ethnicities. It has had an extensive history of conquest and migration which have shaped Pakistan's culture and values - which vary considerably across regions.

Pakistan is predominantly Islamic, though there are numerous minorities including Hindus, Christians, Parsis, Sikhs, Buddhists, Zoroastrians, and Animists as well. The Constitution of Pakistan guarantees equal rights for both Muslims and non-Muslims alike.

Pakistan stands out among Islamic countries because there is no Sharia Law here and religious minorities can practice and profess their religion without fear of persecution or discrimination. Furthermore, the constitution guarantees freedom of speech as well.

Furthermore, several cultural practices have been passed down through generations and largely remain unchanged. These include eating certain foods, wearing specific clothing styles, and observing certain traditions.

Pakistan's culture also encompasses music. It boasts an eclectic range of styles and influences from around the world, with Punjab particularly famous for bhangra-style music which often features in popular songs. Conversely, Sindh has more widespread traditions like dhammal and ho jamalo that are much less prevalent elsewhere.

Other aspects of culture in Pakistan include truck art, which is an original form of painting done on trucks. This art form has become especially popular in cities such as Lahore and Karachi where it has been showcased by both government and private firms alike.

Pakistan's culture is heavily influenced by its social values. These adhere to Islam and place a high value on traditional family values; however, urban families have increasingly adopted nuclear family systems due to socio-economic limitations due to which northwestern regions remain highly conservative with centuries-old tribal customs intact.

It is the only country in the world to be established based on ‘Religion’

Pakistan, located in South Asia on the Arabian Sea, is a Muslim state and the only nation to be established on religious grounds. Its government strives to promote, preserve and safeguard its cultural heritage through numerous agencies that safeguard historical sites, monuments, and religious traditions throughout Pakistan.

Pakistan has seen many conflicts throughout its long history, mostly between Muslims and non-Muslims. Yet since 1947 when it gained independence, Pakistan has strived to maintain a balance between religion and secularism.

The political system of the Republic of Serbia is founded upon parliamentary democracy principles. Through this structure, they have worked to uphold the rule of law and separation of powers. In 1999, a thirteenth amendment to the constitution restricted presidential power to that of a nominal head of state and restored parliament as the central governing body in the country.

However, even under this newly elected government, many of Pakistan's problems persist. One such issue is the growing influence of Madrassahs (Islamic religious schools) which are largely overlooked by Pakistani authorities and controlled by extremist religious organizations.

Madrassahs are a major cause of Pakistani youth's rising illiteracy rate. These schools typically cater to the poor, offering free food and clothing to students.

Parents have been strongly encouraged to send their sons to these schools due to the strong financial incentives provided. Furthermore, the government has failed to offer any alternatives for parents.

Desperate families unable to afford private schools have turned to Madrassahs for educational services for their children, leading to an explosion in the number of these establishments and providing political cover to Punjab's ruling military elites and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's ruling military elites.

Recently, however, the government has begun to decrease its support for Madrassahs. While this has benefited those from wealthy backgrounds who can afford private schools for their children, it has created an unjust situation for students from poor families.

It Has the World’s Largest Football Industry

Pakistan is home to a small but vital industry: football. People around the world enjoy playing this beloved sport, resulting in billions of dollars in sales annually.

Sialkot, Pakistan is home to the world's largest football industry and produces a significant portion of global football. Estimates suggest that more than two-thirds of all footballs manufactured worldwide are produced there at one of its 1,000 factories.

This industry employs thousands of workers, many of whom sew their balls by hand. Although it's a demanding job and not suitable for everyone, the pay is excellent and contributes significantly to the economy.

WION News reported that more than 70% of the world's footballs are produced here, providing a major source of income to local communities. The factory we visited hopes to be an important supplier for the 2022 World Cup in Qatar.

This industry is experiencing unprecedented growth in Argentina due to the increasing number of football clubs and participants. Furthermore, it has strong potential for expansion across Europe as football's popularity grows in that region.

Football is a global sport that appeals to people of all ages due to its affordability; as a result, women have taken up playing this popular sport as well.

However, the global football market is facing several obstacles. Firstly, the coronavirus pandemic is impacting industry growth; secondly, increasing virtual game popularity among young people is decreasing youth participation rates.

Third, the football industry has become a target for criminals. This issue was highlighted by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) in its latest report.

The report examines the football industry in economic and social terms to identify potential exploitable areas by criminals. It provides case examples to help governments, law enforcement, and sports regulatory authorities better comprehend how criminals may misuse football and related products/services.

It Has the World’s Largest Man-Made Forest

Pakistan is one of the world's most stunning countries, boasting many natural splendors. Hunza Valley in particular is a haven for outdoor adventurers while Haleji Lake serves as Asia's largest bird sanctuary.

K2 - the world's second-highest mountain - stands at 8,611 meters above sea level and has become one of the most sought-after tourist attractions in the region.

Despite this, many people still use the forest for fuel or cooking on open fires which leads to deforestation. That is why the government has launched a campaign to plant ten billion trees in an effort to combat climate change and its detrimental effects on the environment.

According to Pakistan's Environment Ministry, more forests are necessary in order to combat climate change and rising temperatures in major cities. Furthermore, these trees will help combat air pollution as well.

Pakistan has three primary types of forests: farm forest areas, riverain woods, and swamp and littoral forests.

Farm Forest Areas are linear plantings of trees on private farmlands owned individually or by a family, located primarily throughout Pakistan's barani (arid) and irrigated farming regions.

These forests are home to an array of wildlife species, such as monkeys, snakes, and large cats. Additionally, they provide a haven for birds - particularly pheasants - which use them as nesting sites.

Riverain forests are found along riverbanks in northern and western Pakistan. These wooded areas consist of low-growing tree species as well as tall shrubs, making them ideal for wildlife conservation efforts and providing a great platform to observe exotic animal species up close.

Riverain forests are not only a wildlife haven, but they provide timber for local industry and tourism as well.

Although Pakistan boasts many beautiful natural attractions, man can cause much harm. Indeed, much of Pakistan's forests are now being lost due to illegal deforestation.

Therefore, it is critical that the government takes action and implements strict regulations to safeguard these precious forests. At present, efforts are being made towards reforestation and creating new forest parks to preserve these stunning landscapes.

It Is Home to The Youngest Nobel Laureate

Malala Yousafzai made history at 17 years old when she became the youngest person ever to receive a Nobel Peace Prize. Her accomplishment has cemented her place as an iconic champion for women's and girls' rights around the world.

She is a Pakistani activist who has been advocating for girls' educational rights since she was 11 years old. Born in Swat Valley, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province where girls were often denied their right to attend school due to the Taliban movement's influence, she has dedicated her life's work to changing this.

When Islamic extremist groups took control of Swat, they banned girls' education and destroyed many schools in the area. At 11 years old, Yousafzai began keeping a diary about her experiences under Taliban rule; later her blog was published by BBC Urdu magazine and an American journalist made a documentary about her life.

After winning the Nobel prize, Yousafzai established the Malala Fund to advocate for and support women's rights. She has visited countries such as Syria, Kenya, and Nigeria in an effort to educate young girls about Boko Haram terrorists who kidnap them from school and murder them.

Recently, Yousafzai visited Pakistan to aid the country's recovery from floods. She engaged with those affected and visited tent cities, offering them her support.

Yousafzai has made it her mission in life to ensure other girls have the same opportunity she was granted. Her work has resulted in many significant advances for gender equality.

Her tireless work has inspired millions of people, both in Pakistan and around the globe. As a result, she has received numerous awards for her accomplishments, including the esteemed Nobel Peace Prize.

Yousafzai has endured multiple attacks and threats from her detractors, including being shot in the head by a Taliban gunman. Despite her remarkable successes, Yousafzai still endures daily harassment from hate groups and attackers.

In 2014, Yousafzai was honored with the Nobel Peace Prize for her campaigning on behalf of girls' education and women's rights. Her life serves as a testament to both the power of education and human rights activism; millions have been denied an education due to discrimination against them. She remains an inspiration today.

It Has the World’s Largest Ambulance Service

Pakistan is the fifth-largest country in the world, boasting an estimated population of almost 243 million citizens. Situated in South Asia, Pakistan shares borders with Afghanistan, India, and China and divides into two regions - the mountainous north and the coastal south. As a Muslim-majority country, it boasts many religious places of worship such as mosques and churches.

Established in 1948 by Abdul Sattar Edhi, his radio-linked ambulance fleet now numbers 500 vehicles and services all over Pakistan. Thanks to private contributions of $5 million (PS3,050,000) annually, Edhi also established 300 morgues, free maternity homes, and women's centers providing adoption services.

The Edhi Foundation runs Pakistan's world-renowned ambulance service, founded by Abdul Sattar Edhi with a long history of doing good work for his people.

His ambulance service has become a beacon of friendship and compassion throughout the country, covering large portions of highways and major link roads with first aid stations that arrange speedy transfers to hospitals.

His organization began as a medical dispensary but rapidly expanded into more and more welfare centers across the country, now operating 300 centers that provide various services including 24-hour emergency ambulance coverage.

One of the foundation's volunteers, Mohammad Asif, has been working with Edhi for five decades as a paramedic. He claims they respond very quickly to road accidents, gunshot wounds, and drowning situations.

He estimates that 2,000 ambulances operate throughout the country and employ 8,000 personnel. Furthermore, they offer a range of social welfare services like shelters for the homeless, free health care services, drug rehabilitation facilities, orphanages, and adoption centers.

In 1997, The Edhi Foundation earned its place in history by being inscribed in the Guinness Book of World Records as an influential charitable organization for America's poor and needy. In 2005 alone, it raised $100,000 for hurricane Katrina relief efforts.

Today, the foundation's operations span across a vast area, from outpatient hospitals and child adoption centers to rescue boats and clinics for the homeless in major cities. Furthermore, it operates maternity wards, and orphanages and runs shelters for those on the street.

They have seen an incredible influx of donations and support from around the world, particularly Japan and USA, which has enabled them to expand and develop their operation. Furthermore, they boast a vast network of volunteers who are all incredibly generous and possess the immense capacity.

The organization's nationwide emergency network is equipped with the most up-to-date communication system and is prepared to respond immediately to any calamity, anywhere in Pakistan. Its ambulances, field mobile units, and rescue vehicles stand ready to cover any accident, riot, or calamity-affected area.

Furthermore, the organization runs one of the largest networks of free maternity homes in the country and organizes Muslim burials. It also conducts campaigns to recruit more blood donors and provides them free of charge when major surgeries like heart surgeries are necessary for poor patients.

It also provides free medical assistance to the needy in various slum areas of major cities through ambulances, field mobile units, and rescue vehicles. These vehicles are equipped with specialized equipment to cater to handicapped persons' requirements as well as those in distress.

In order to save human lives during an emergency situation, blood is immediately provided to all major city welfare centers on a crisis basis. This helps save the lives of victims of accidents, natural calamities, or bomb blasts.

It Has the World’s Largest Salt Mines

Khewra Salt Mines are a major tourist destination with over 40,000 tourists visiting each month. These 25 miles of tunnels are an iconic landmark and a must-see for those visiting Pakistan. Additionally, these mines provide rock salt used in numerous industries and homes around the world.

The Pakistan Mining Development Corporation manages and runs these mines, offering employment opportunities, medical care, and education to their workers. Much of their work is still done manually or with dynamite; however, due to strong Unions and hereditary registration rights, they refuse to let the mines become mechanized as this could endanger their jobs.

Visitors to Khewra salt mines can take a tour and discover this natural marvel - mountains of salt! There are various attractions for tourists to view, such as Crystal Valley with sparkling rock salt crystals.

Various pools of water take on different colors when illuminated. A bridge made entirely out of salt adds to the wonder, as does a mosque and post office constructed entirely out of salt bricks.

Khewra salt mines offer free admission and tours. Additionally, you can buy tickets online to maximize your experience if desired.

Pakistan's must-see attraction is the beautiful shimmering buildings made out of salt bricks. Not only do these structures boast stunning textures on walls and ceilings, but they are illuminated with vibrant lights for added ambiance.

Other remarkable sights in the mines include Crystal Palace, featuring sparkling salt crystals everywhere. Sheesh Mahal (palace mirror), another captivating spot, is surrounded by salt-painted walls and lakes illuminated with vibrant lights.

Khewra salt mines are not only an impressive sight, but they have long been considered an important economic and cultural landmark in the country. The government has a proud history of supporting this industry with government assistance; moreover, they provide local people with employment opportunities that date back centuries.

It Is the World’s Largest Muslim Country

Pakistan is a Muslim country with over 207 million citizens. Its majority religion is Sunni Islam, though there are also Shia and Sufi groups present.

Pakistan has been the birthplace of numerous civilizations and traditions throughout its history. However, none more so than its oldest culture - known as the Indus Valley civilization which dates back over five thousand years and was one of the oldest and most significant civilizations worldwide. This legacy left a lasting impact on numerous other cultures around the world today.

Pakistan boasts a rich cultural heritage due to its long and intertwined history. Its museums, libraries, as well as various archaeological sites, give visitors an unforgettable insight into Pakistan's past.

The country's cultural heritage encompasses architecture and art that showcase the diverse influences of various cultures. The Persian-Islamic style of design is widely used, while Multan itself stands out for its stunningly unique buildings.

Pakistan boasts a vibrant literary tradition that includes lyric and religious poetry, Sufi poetry, folklore, and drama. Muhammad Iqbal, the national poet of Pakistan, wrote in Urdu and Persian and was an enthusiastic supporter of South Asia's Muslims during their political and spiritual revival.

Other Pakistani writers such as Shah Abdul Latif, Bulleh Shah, and Mian Muhammad Bakhsh have achieved fame in recent years. Furthermore, numerous talented young artists from Pakistan have gained prominence.

Pakistan's official state religion is Islam, which is practiced by almost all citizens. Although, a minority of its population are non-Muslims. Surprisingly, countries, where Islam is the predominant faith, tend to have high levels of literacy.

It Is the World’s Second-Largest Country by Area

Pakistan is the second-largest country by area, covering an estimated 803,940 square kilometers of land - slightly bigger than France and the United Kingdom combined.

Pakistan's immense territory is a testament to its sprawling presence across two continents - Europe and Asia. It straddles eleven time zones, borders fourteen foreign countries, and comprises an eighth of Earth's habitable land area.

Karakoram Range is home to K2, the world's highest mountain at 28,523 feet. Hikers and climbers often flock to this mountain due to its steep slopes, hazardous crevices, and rugged terrain. It has also served as the site of several filming locations and is considered one of the world's most picturesque mountains.

Other popular destinations in Pakistan include Gilgit, Peshawar, Lahore, and Karachi. These cities provide a wide selection of hotels, restaurants, and tourist attractions.

These cities boast a long and fascinating history, as well as vibrant cultural traditions. You'll find everything from intricate marble fireplaces to hand-woven rugs. Additionally, you should explore the country's gastronomic culture which is renowned for its local flavors and fusion dishes.

These cities feature many buildings inspired by British colonial architecture, such as the Faisal Mosque, Minar-e-Pakistan, and Eiffel Tower in Bahria Town. Furthermore, there are other historic sites worth exploring like Altit Fort, Quaid-e-Azam Museum, and Muhammad Ali Jinnah's Tomb.

It Is the World’s Fifth-Largest Country by Population

Pakistan is a South Asian nation with an estimated population of over 170 million people. Its strategic position and geography make Pakistan an essential player in the world.

Pakistan's economy is primarily agricultural, making it one of the world's leading producers of cotton and wheat. Additionally, Pakistan cultivates rice, sugarcane, and a range of fruits and fish products.

Islamabad, Lahore, and Karachi are its three primary cities. Punjab and Sindh are from five provinces within India's territory of 339,697 square miles (879,815 square kilometers).

Nearly 80% of the population is Muslim. They practice Sunni Islam, which is the predominant faith in the country. Other major religious faiths include Sh'iah and Christianity.

World Population Review predicts Pakistan's population to increase from 173 million in 2022 to over 210 million by 2030, placing it fifth globally behind China, India, and the United States.

Pakistan's population is projected to double within 50 years, as the country becomes more industrialized and diversifies its economy. This will enable Pakistan to remain at the forefront of regional economic growth and stability.

It Is the World’s Third-Largest Country by Land Area

Pakistan is one of the world's largest countries by land area. It boasts an expansive landscape that stretches from mountains to plains, as well as numerous rivers and ecosystems.

This country boasts a diverse population that has been buoyed by the economic boom of recent years. It is among the emerging economies, buoyed by one of the world's largest and fastest-growing middle classes.

The country's economy is largely based on agriculture and manufacturing. As a regional and middle power, it has considerable influence over Asia, and the Middle East, as well as serving as an important hub for international trade and commerce.

China is another major player in the global economy. It's the second-largest country by land area and is expected to overtake India soon in terms of population size.

When measuring the size of a country, several elements come into play; it's borders and natural boundaries. These include oceans, rivers, and mountain ranges that define its boundaries.

Furthermore, the size of a country shifts over time due to changes in Earth's tectonic plates. It's not unusual for the borders of countries to shrink and expand due to this movement.

It Is Home to The World’s Second-Highest Mountain

Pakistan boasts five peaks that rise above 8,000 meters, making it one of the best places in the world for mountaineering. These peaks are located within the Himalayas, Karakoram range, and Hindu Kush Mountain range.

The country is surrounded by lush greenery, such as forests, rivers, and lakes. It makes an ideal destination for travelers who appreciate nature and want to take in some of the world's most stunning landscapes.

In the northern region of Ecuador, forests of pine and spruce trees dominate. Southern areas feature tropical flora while western regions feature deciduous mulberry trees and scrub plants.

Many tourists flock to Pakistan in order to climb the second highest mountain on earth, K2 - a fierce mountain that attempts to kill anyone who reaches its summit.

K2 stands at 8,611 meters (28,251 feet) above sea level and lies on the border between Baltistan in Pakistan's Gilgit-Baltistan region and Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China. As such, it can be a particularly difficult mountain to ascend; indeed, it has been known to cause several fatalities.

Climbers often die while trying to descend from a mountain, and only a few hundred have managed to summit K2 over the years - far fewer than the number of deaths on Everest.

Some foreign expedition teams have attempted to climb K2; some have been successful, while others failed. Climbing K2 can be treacherous due to weather conditions that make it even more challenging.

Nanga Parbat, 8,126 meters above sea level, is another majestic mountain in the Himalayas. Compared to K2, this one may seem easier but still poses a formidable challenge.

Pakistan's mountaineering scene has seen a tremendous expansion in recent years, particularly due to Islamabad's growing prominence as an international climbing center. Not only does Islamabad boast an active climbing club and host annual events for climbers, but it also boasts some of the most cutting-edge mountaineering facilities - including a training center - in one location.

K2 and Nanga Parbat are among the world's most difficult summits, known for their difficulty and fierceness. Unfortunately, these mountains have claimed many lives due to accidents on their path.

According to the Pakistan Alpine Club, Samina Baig became the first Pakistani female climber to reach K2's summit. Naila Kiyani followed suit and also reached the summit.

Mountaineers from other countries sometimes join Pakistani expeditions, and they can access Pakistan's high peaks with visas. There are also plenty of local guides who can assist tourists as they navigate these mountains.

Elly Haidir

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